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Available areas/topics for October 2019 entry

The upcoming scientific programme of the AP Group is built around the following primary areas. These are enumerated below in broad terms (where the ordering of topic and supervisors carries no “priority”):

  1. D Queloz:  A comprehensive research programme on the detection and characterisation of exoplanets. This includes active participation in the development of new instruments as well as the use of ground and space observatories. Our work is conducted in collaboration with other Cambridge institutes as well as other teams in UK and in Europe.  Further details are available at the following website:  http://www.mrao.cam.ac.uk/research/exoplanets.
  2. R Maiolino: The investigation of galaxy formation and evolution, from the Cosmic Dawn to the nearby Universe,  by exploiting observations in the millimeter, infrared and optical bands, obtained at some the major groundbased and space observatories (e.g. Atacama Large Millimetre Array, Very Large Telescope, Hubble Space Telescope, and soon with the James Webb Space Telescope). Our research areas include the coevolution of star formation and Black Holes, the dynamics of high redshift galaxies, the evolution of the gas content in galaxies (including gas flows), the evolution of the chemical enrichment and the evolution of the dust properties in galaxies. These studies exploit samples spanning from galaxies in the local Universe to the most distant objects known. This group is located in the Kavli Institute for Cosmology, hence further details are available at the web site of the Kavli Institute: https://www.kicc.cam.ac.uk

  3. E de Lera Acedo, C Carilli, P Alexander: 21-CM RADIO ASTRONOMY AND NOVEL SENSORS (REACHHERASKA). We welcome applications from individuals wishing to enrol in an exciting cutting-edge research program on the development and scientific exploitation of novel experiments for 21-cm radio astronomy, with a special interest on experiments for the study of the Cosmic Dawn and the Epoch of Re-ionization. Probing these epochs, the 'dark ages' before the first galaxies, through cosmic re-ionization and first new light, represents the frontier in studies of cosmic structure formation. Neutral hydrogen has a rest wavelength of 21 cm and by observing at low radio frequencies we can study directly redshifted emission (and absorption) from the raw material that formed the first luminous cosmic structures. Projects currently available include: Calibration and data analysis of the REACH telescope. REACH (Radio Experiment for the Analysis of Cosmic Hydrogen) is a novel experiment to detect and study the sky-averaged red-shifted 21-cm HI signature signal from the Cosmic Dawn and the Epoch of Re-ionization. REACH will aim to confirm or refute the recent results from EDGES; The commissioning and calibration of the HERA telescope. This will include the processing of telescope data and the development of novel calibration techniques;  Calibration techniques for the SKA telescope. In this project innovative strategies for the calibration of SKA's 131,000 antenna system will be developed; Design of the next generation radio instruments using exotic materials (metamaterials, graphene, etc.).
  4. D Buscher, C Haniff, R Maiolino, J Young: The development of hardware and software associated with the next generation of near-infrared/optical interferometers and high resolution spectrometers for large telescopes. Potential topics related to interferometry include: high-sensitivity interferometric beam combiners, low-noise infrared array detectors, and software algorithms for reduction and image reconstruction of fringe data. Other opportunities are related to the optical and mechanical design of large spectrographs for the next generation of Extremely Large Telescopes, including novel techniques for the manufacture and testing of large diffraction gratings.
  5. R Saunders, P Alexander: An ambitious and timely programme of experimental cosmology that addresses themes of structure formation, the evolution of baryonic gas during galaxy assembly, the tensor-to-scalar ratio during inflation, and the interplay of magnetic fields and gas in the intra-cluster medium. We intend to exploit data from ALMA, AMI, EVLA, e-MERLIN, Planck and SKA pathfinders to achieve our science aims in these areas. We will capitalise on our expertise in radio and CMB observations, theoretical modelling and data analysis; in addition we have collaborations in place which will give us access to complementary data sets in other wavebands.
  6. N Razavi-Ghods, B Nikolic, P Alexander: A new and exciting experimental cosmology programme is being developed to serve as a follow up to the cosmic dawn detection made by the EDGES instrument [EDGES]. The project’s goal being the radio detection of hydrogen signatures relating to a historical period in the formation of the universe known as the Epoch of Reionization (EoR).  The proposed instrument will rely on a number of novel approaches to measure the cosmic dawn signal including state of the art calibration techniques to best remove systematics and foregrounds. Much of this work also relates to a calibration system and data processing pipeline being developed for the HERA telescope [HERA].  The project will focus on a number of areas relevant to the instrument calibration including data analysis, system simulation and modelling as well as experimentation and commissioning.
  7. C Carilli, B Nikolic: The Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Array (HERA) is a low frequency experiment designed to study cosmic reionization using the 21cm hyperfine line of neutral hydrogen.  Reionization corresponds to the last 'cosmic phase transition', when the neutral gas that pervaded the Universe post-recombination is reionized by the light from the first stars and black holes, a few hundred million years after the Big Bang.  Cosmic reionization is one of the last frontiers in cosmology and studies of large scale structure formation.  The HI 21cm line has the potential to be the most incisive probe of the physical processes driving reionization.  See the recent project summary paper: http//adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016arXiv160607473D.  Work at the Cavendish Laboratory ranges from RF electronics design to array commissioning to Bayesian data analysis techniques.  We are particularly looking for a student to work on array commissioning, exploring data quality, calibration, and imaging, and/or on complex data analysis to achieve first detection.  Funding for travel for commissioning work in South Africa will be through the recent Newton Fellowship Grant to Bernardi and Carilli.

Please note that the summaries above provide only a snapshot and overview of the broad research areas undertaken by staff in the group. As such they are liable to change, and so you may wish to revisit these pages closer to the deadline for your application to check for any revisions and/or updates.

 

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Nobel Prize in Physics for Didier Queloz

Oct 08, 2019

Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to Prof Didier Queloz from Cavendish Astrophysics

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